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Rabu, 04 April 2012

Giving Advice, Warning, Granting Request (Basing x)

Giving Advice, warning, granting request
A.       Giving Advice
There are many ways of giving advice in English. Here are some of the more common expressions.

"If I were you, I would…"
"Have you thought about…"
"You really ought to…" ('ought' is pronounced 'ort')
"Why don't you…"
"In your position, I would…"
"You should perhaps…"
"You could always…"
Examples
If someone says "I'm having problems learning English", you could say:
"If I were you, I'd sign up for an English course."
"Have you thought about going to the UK for a couple of weeks?"
"You really ought to watch English television."
"Why don't you read more English books?"
"In your position, I would try and practise speaking English."
"You should perhaps look at the english-at-home.com website."
"You could always get a penpal."
  • Dialogue of expressing advice
Nanda has a problem. His girlfriend forbade him to follow the singing competition in Palma. Then, Nanda asked to Resti in school, how to solve the problem
Resti : Good morning, Nanda
Nanda : Good morning, Resti. (Looks confused)
Resti : How are you, Nanda
Nanda : I’m confused now.
Resti : Why?
Nanda : My girlfriend forbade me to follow the singing competition. If you
were me, what would you tell her?
Resti : I would say that the competition is very important to you, and instead,
the prize of the competition would you give to her
Nanda : That’s a good idea. I will do it. Thank you very much, Resti. Now i want
to go to canteen. See you.
Resti : You’re welcome. See you too.
B.        Warning
  • Look out! There is a snake beside you.
  • Don't step on the grass!.
  • No smoking!
  • No hunting!
  • Be Silent
  • No camping without permission!
  • Do not cut down the trees!
  • Don't enter wildlife reserve!
  • Keep out of the reach of children
C.        Granting Request
in the dialogue between Ayu and Palupi you find the following expressions :
Ayu           : will you tell me about?
Palupi       : Sure, I will.
Ayu           : Let’s try to make lepat sometimes.
Palupi       :OK.
Sure, I will, and OK are expressions to grant a request.
Here are other expressions that you can use :
v  Alright
v  Certainly
v  Righ away
v  Of course
D.       Express Pain, Relief, Pleasure
* Expressing Pain
when we get sick, we must feel pain on part of our body. When we get an accident, and we get injured because of it, we must feel pain. some expression of pain :
- its very painful. I can't stand it.
- the pain hurts me very much.
- that's hurts!-Oh, my headache!
- my back pains me.
- I'm not feeling well.
- I have a bad cough.
- I feel terrible.
- I'm really sick.
- I can no longer stand.
We can also add it with some interjection, such as : Oh!, Ouch! and Aw!
* Expressing Relief
When we have problem and we can solve it, we will feel relief. In other situation, when we feel worried about something that we will face it, we will also feel relief. a relief is lessening or ending of pain and worry. for example :
- What a relief!
- That's a relief!
- I'm very relieved to hear that (it)
- I'm glad everything's running well.
- I'm glad it's done.
- thank God for that.
- Thank goodness.
- thank heaveness.
- Oh, good!
- Oh, marvelous!, etc.
* Ekspressing Pleasure (happiness)
for example :
- I'm delighted.
- It's very delighted
- I'm pleased.
- I'm happy (for)...
- I'm glad.
- Great!
- It's wonderful.
- How marvelous!
- fantastic!
- It's a great pleasure!

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